Domestic and international companies are a major source of investment in Myanmar’s agricultural sector. These investments create opportunities for Myanmar’s majority small holder farmers, but they can also pose threats to their livelihoods and natural environments.
Therefore, FSWG commissioned Synergia Consulting and Training to conduct the study in view of collecting different examples of agricultural investments, with both positive as well as negative impacts on the livelihoods of smallholders and other rural people. The study collected case studies from different agro-ecological zones, where FSWG’s members are active. The study also included cases that were already documented as part of other studies, many of them focusing on certain sectors (ex. rubber, maize, and sugar). From the entire collection of cases of corporate and small holder agricultural investments common characteristics and patterns have been be identified. Based on these common characteristics and patterns policy recommendation were formulated. Throughout the study special emphasis has been placed on the role of women.
The main objectives of the study were the following:
To increase understanding of the impact of corporate and small holder agriculture investments on food security and rural livelihoods in Myanmar
To identify good and bad practices of corporate and small holder agriculture investments
To formulate policy recommendations to improve the legislative framework to stimulate good practices for corporate and small holder agricultural investments and its enforcement
To increase understanding of the role of women in corporate agricultural investments